The body is made up of more than 206 bones, plus accompanying joints, ligaments, tendons, muscles and nerves that provide it with support and stability and interact with each other to create movement. With such an intricate system, even a seemingly simple injury can be complex to manage.
When the unexpected happens, it’s important to consult with a qualified orthopaedic physician and an experienced medical team. The Center for Orthopaedic Innovation has fracture care experts in Phoenix, Mesa and the East Valley area who can evaluate your injury and provide total care ranging from simple splinting to complex surgical trauma.
When to Call Your Doctor
Common symptoms of fractures include swelling or tenderness in the injured area, bruising or any obvious misalignment or unnatural curvature. If you are experiencing any of these symptoms, then you should contact your physician immediately.
At the Center for Orthopaedic Innovation, orthopaedic physicians use a variety of treatment modalities to treat fractured bones, from traditional plaster or fiberglass casts to internal fixation and other advanced surgical methods.
Types of Fractures
Most fractures are caused by trauma/impact, unhealthy repetitive motion (stress fractures), or osteoporosis. The most common types of fractures are:
- Stable fracture: the broken bone is mostly aligned and only slightly out of place.
- Oblique fracture: angled fracture line
- Transverse fracture: horizontal fracture line
- Comminuted fracture: bone shatters into three or more pieces
- Open/Compound fractures: skin is pierced by bone
If you are an older patient, continue reading to learn how a bone density test may help manage risk for fractures.
Bone Density Tests: Who, What, & Why
What: A bone density test is a simple, non-invasive, and painless diagnostic test that uses x-ray technology to look for signs of osteoporosis (bone loss). Ordinarily, a bone density test will measure the presence of calcium – a key factor in determining bone density – in the spine, hip, and forearms.
Who: The Center for Orthopaedic Innovation recommends that all women over the age of 65 and all men over the age of 70 get bone density scans. Postmenopausal women who are at risk for developing osteoporosis and men over the age of 50 who are at risk should also be tested every other year. Ask your primary physician if you should have a bone density scan.
Why: Regular bone density scans can help you know your risk for osteoporosis. In the past, osteoporosis was not diagnosed until after a bone fracture. When you receive regular scans, you and your physician know your risk level and can implement strategies to reduce your risk.
For more information about fracture care – or to schedule a bone density test – please call 1-877-351-WELL (9355).